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Geography Team 1

Page history last edited by Mrs. Olsen 15 years, 6 months ago

 

                                                            

 

Geography of Ancient Egypt                               

 

Describe the geography of Ancient Egypt.                                                       

How did the geography affect their everyday life?

What countries are located in this area today? 

 

Geography Team (list member first names & last initial

  • Nicole P. - editor

  • Louis P. - researcher

  • Michael M. - reseracher

  • Michael I. - art

  • Andrew K. - librarian

  • Sean G. - researcher

  • Joe R . - Vocabulary

 

 

 

Location:

     Egypt is part of the western hemisphere. It is located in the most northern part of Africa. However, it includes the Sinai Peninsula, which is considered part of southwest Asia. Therefore Egypt is located in both Africa and Asia. Egypt has shorlines of the Mediterranean Sea and the Red Sea. Libya is to the west, Sudan is to the south, and the Gaza Strip and Israel is to the north. Egypt covers 1,001, 449 square kilometers of land which is about the size of Texas and New Mexico combined, four times the size of the United Kingom, and double that of France. Its longest distance from north to south is 1,024 kilometers, from east to west its 1,240, and along the coastlines 2,900.

 

'The Black Land' and 'The Red Land':

     The 'black land' was the fertile land on the banks of The Nile. The ancient Egyptians used this land for growing crops. This was only land in Egypt that could be used for farming because it was covered with a rich layer of silt (small particles of sand or earth that is carried in moving water) The 'red land' is the barren (a place where nothing grows) desert protected Egypt on two sides. These deserts seperated Eypt from invading countries. They also provided precious (something that is very special or valuble) gems and stones.

 

Governorates:

     Egypt is divided into 26 governorates (also called provinces), which include 4 city governorates Alexandria, Cairo, Port Said, and Suez. Also included are the 9 governorates of Lower Eypt and The Nile Delta, the 8 governorates of Upper Egypt and along The Nile River, and the 5 frontier governorates that cover Sinai and the deserts that are east and west of The Nile.

 

Main Regions:

     Egypt has 4 major physical regions.

1. The Nile River and Delta

2. The Western Desert (Lybian Desert)

3. The Eatern Desert (Arabain Desert)

4. The Sinai Peninsula

 

The Nile Valley and Delta:

     The Nile Valley and The Nile Delta are the most important regions, being that they are the only regions that can cultivated and support 99% of the population. The Nile Valley extends about 800 kilometers from Aswan to Cairo. The Nile Valley is known as Upper Egypt and The Nile Delta is know as Lower Egypt. Flooding of The Nile provided silt and water to the usually dry land, so this made farming very easy for the ancient Egyptians. Since the building of the Aswan Dam (a dam that was built across The Nile near the city of Aswan), the people of Egypt depended on the Nile flooding (or irrigation) in order for crops to grow. The Nile Valley and Delta was created by the longest river on Earth, The Nile. Without the channel that lets The Nile flow through the Sahara, Egypt would be entirely desert. The Nile River is 4,000 miles long and flows in a very strange direction. Instead of flowing north to south like most rivers do, The Nile flows south to north into the Mediterranean Sea. The Nile River connects to the delta near Cairo. The Nile is a combination of 3 other rivers: The Blue Nile, The White Nile, and the Atbarah.

 

The White Nile:

     It begins at Lake Victoria in Uganda and supplies 28% of The Nile's waters. In the low season it contributes over 80% of the Nile's flow, but in the high water season it produces 10%. The water in The White Nile is clear and clean.

 

The Blue Nile:

     It originates at Lake Tana in Ethiopia and provides about 58% of The Nile's waters. In the low water season it produces 17% percent of the Nile's flow and in the high water season it produces 68%. Unlike The White Nile, The Blue Nile carries a large amount of sediment (any particular matter that travels in water flow). Therefore, the water of The Blue Nile is muddier then The White Nile.

 

The Atbarah River:

     It also originates in Ethiopia and is much shorter then The White and Blue Nile. It provides 14% of The Nile's waters. During the low water season it shriks down into  a number of pools, but during the summer whin it rains near the Ethiopia Plateau it provides 22% of The Nile's flow.

 

 

How Did Geography Affect Everyday Life?:

     The geography of ancient Egypt greatly affected the way Egyptian people lived. The Nile was a main part of this geography. The Nile was a very important resource for the ancient Egyptians. It provided water for watering crops, drinking, and transportation. The desert provided the ancient Egyptians with precious gems and stones.

 

What Countries Are in Egypt Today?:

     Basically the same countries lie in Egypt today as they did in ancient times, though there had been some name changes in cities and places.

 

Resources:

 

en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Geography_of_Egpyt  

 

http://www.internet-at-work.com/hos_mcgrane/egypt/egypt2.htm

http://www.mbarron.net/Nile/fctfl_nf.html

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nile

                                                                                 

 

 

       

 

Vocabulary:

1. governorate - another name for a province

2. Aswan Dam - a dam across The Nile near the city of Aswan

3. irrigation - a cerain way of watering crops

4. sediment - any articular matter that travels in water flow

6. silt - small particles of sand or earth that is carried in moving water

7. barren - no plants grow there

8. precious - somethin tat is very special or valuable

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           

 

Comments (Show all 109)

wikiuser0033 said

at 9:39 am on Oct 14, 2008

nile more info

wikiuser0018 said

at 9:40 am on Oct 14, 2008

everybody put in a comment on where you got your info. for me

wikiuser0033 said

at 9:41 am on Oct 14, 2008

cant aford a f people

wikiuser0031 said

at 9:41 am on Oct 14, 2008

To: PEOPLE OF THE GEOGRAPHY PROJECT
All we need to do to finish the project is add the resources (Killips) finish adding the info, which is only a little bit (me) , a paragraph on how the geography affected every day life (me again) and a paragraph on what countries lie in Egypt today (another thing that I ave to do) So basically I have to do the rest of the work. And then I will also add some color...
From: Nicole

wikiuser0016 said

at 9:42 am on Oct 14, 2008

Killips put on www.clusty.com

wikiuser0033 said

at 9:43 am on Oct 14, 2008

miss osin said to put sertant info on the page

wikiuser0030 said

at 9:43 am on Oct 14, 2008

This is good people, check recources

wikiuser0033 said

at 9:44 am on Oct 14, 2008

add more resorses

wikiuser0033 said

at 9:44 am on Oct 14, 2008

need color

wikiuser0016 said

at 9:45 am on Oct 14, 2008

we need color

wikiuser0033 said

at 9:45 am on Oct 14, 2008

can we put the names in color to

wikiuser0016 said

at 9:45 am on Oct 14, 2008

Nicole put more color on the words

wikiuser0033 said

at 9:47 am on Oct 14, 2008

more resorses people

wikiuser0033 said

at 9:49 am on Oct 14, 2008

need more pic

wikiuser0009 said

at 3:36 pm on Oct 14, 2008

u guys should seriously add ur resources and add a little color!!!



wikiuser0009 said

at 3:59 pm on Oct 14, 2008

Sorry for butting in butttt it looks like u copied and pasted

wikiuser0009 said

at 4:26 pm on Oct 16, 2008

u need a little more color and u need 1 more piccccccccccccccccccccc










wikiuser0031 said

at 8:02 pm on Oct 18, 2008

k peoples its the weekend and trust me, you all have nothing to worry about wth the wiki. all of you have done your jobs and now it is time for me to finish mine. i have added a third pic and all i need to do to finish it is to add a paragraph on how the geography affected the people of ancient egypt and their everyday lives, a paragraph on what countries lie in egypt today, a paragraph on the sahara desert, and i need to add some color to the page and then we are dunza!!!!
--
Nicolee O'Lee

wikiuser0031 said

at 8:29 pm on Oct 18, 2008

IT IS OFFICIALLY OFFICIAL!!!!!!!!
WE ARE DUNZA!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!! :) :) :) :) :) :) :) :) :) :) :) :) :) :) :) :) :P :) :) :) :) :) :) :) :) :) :) :) :) :) :) :) :) :) :)
XOXOXOXOXOXOXOXOXOXOXOXOXOXOXOXOXOXOXOXOXOXOXOXOX
**does the happy dance**
"We're gonna get 100%!"
**has a suden random outburst**
"Dogs will rule the world!!!!!!!...eventually..."
**drops down onto the couch on falls asleep**
Yes, I know I am strange...

wikiuser0030 said

at 9:07 pm on Oct 19, 2008

it's finally finished

wikiuser0030 said

at 9:08 pm on Oct 19, 2008

it's finally finished

wikiuser0030 said

at 9:08 pm on Oct 19, 2008

woo hoo
it's great
we're gonna get 100
thanks everybody

wikiuser0009 said

at 4:38 pm on Oct 20, 2008

great u added some color







wikiuser0016 said

at 9:24 am on Oct 28, 2008

:):):):):):):):):):):):):):):(:(:(:(:(:(:(:(:(:(

wikiuser0016 said

at 9:24 am on Oct 28, 2008

:):):):):):):):):):):):):):):(:(:(:(:(:(:(:(:(:(

wikiuser0016 said

at 9:25 am on Oct 28, 2008

this is great

wikiuser0016 said

at 9:26 am on Oct 28, 2008

hi

wikiuser0030 said

at 9:26 am on Oct 28, 2008

this looks great

wikiuser0016 said

at 9:26 am on Oct 28, 2008

hi

wikiuser0030 said

at 9:27 am on Oct 28, 2008

hi

wikiuser0016 said

at 9:27 am on Oct 28, 2008

we rock

wikiuser0016 said

at 9:28 am on Oct 28, 2008

yes

wikiuser0014 said

at 9:33 am on Oct 28, 2008

Sean goodwin ate 4 comcuats

wikiuser0014 said

at 9:34 am on Oct 28, 2008

Bannana + Sean = YUM :)

wikiuser0014 said

at 9:36 am on Oct 28, 2008

:O OHH NO THE BANNANA RAN AWAY! AUYHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHH

wikiuser0011 said

at 9:36 am on Oct 28, 2008

stop goofing off

wikiuser0014 said

at 9:37 am on Oct 28, 2008

HEY GO ON YOUR OWN PAGE

wikiuser0011 said

at 9:37 am on Oct 28, 2008

sorry

wikiuser0014 said

at 9:38 am on Oct 28, 2008

YEAH YOU BETTER BE! :'(

wikiuser0016 said

at 9:39 am on Oct 28, 2008

PIZZA+MIKE =:::::::::)))))))))))))(((((((((((

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